Diabetes diet for Type 2

Diabetes diet for Type 2 – Foods to Eat & Foods to Avoid

In this run-of-the-mill life, having a healthy diet especially when you have Diabetes Type-2 is very essential.

The disease that is happening to most people due to irregular lifestyle is diabetes.

 Diabetes is also called slow death. It is a disease that once takes hold of one’s body, then does not leave it for life. 

The poorest side of this disease is that it also brings about many other disorders in the body.

The major reason for this is lack of diet, mental stress, obesity, lack of exercise. 

1 in every 11 adults in the world suffers from diabetes. 

What are Type-2 Diabetes and their diet pattern?

Diabetes is a problem in which the hormone named insulin starts to be produced in excess in the body or the hormone produced in the body is not controlled.

As a result, the metabolism of the body starts to be uneven and the sugar level in the blood increases.

It is said that there is no way to eliminate this disease from the root, but if we control the amount of sugar in the blood, normal life can be lived comfortably.

This disease occurs when the amount of sugar in the body increases, and it is commonly divided into two types, Type-1 and Type-2. 

Is there a difference between Type 1 and Type 2 Diabetes?

In type 1 diabetes, insulin is injected into the body via injection or pump.

At the same time, type 2 diabetes is cured by improving lifestyle along with medicines.

Since insulin is not produced in the body in type 1 diabetes,

The patient has to take insulin from time to time through an injection or pump.

 In type 2 diabetes, either insulin is low or the body is not sensitive to it.

In this, the body stimulates more insulin through drugs.

All about Diabetes Type 2 and their Diet

1. Your body is not producing enough insulin. or

2.No reaction from your cell to the insulin being produced.

This is such a disease in which maximum avoidance keeps you safe.

If you made a mistake in avoiding or did not follow the necessary routine, then you may have to face more trouble in the same proportion.

In such a situation it becomes absolutely necessary for you to follow a certain diet chart.

If you are a victim of diabetes type 2, then you should take 40 percent fat,  40 percent carbohydrate, and protein, 20 percent of the total calories taken in daily diet respectively.

But for those who are obese,

  • 60 percent of the total calories should be taken from carbohydrates.
  • 20 percent from fat and
  • 20 percent from protein.

There are some Components that increase the Risk of Enhancing Type 2 Diabetes:

This disease is caused due to reduced pancreas secretion of insulin in our body.

Blood glucose level increases, as well as blood cholesterol, fat content are also abnormal in these patients.

There are changes in the arteries.

In these patients, their risk of serious, complicated, fatal disease increases due to damage to eyes, kidneys, muscles, brain, heart.


As you get older, the danger of expanding type 2 diabetes increases, the chance of this usually increases after the age of 45 years.

This is because after this age people often lessen exercise etc. due to which the stamina starts to weaken and gain weight.

But type 2 diabetes can also arise in young people, adolescents, and children.


Overweight is the most prevalent danger factor in type 2 diabetes.

The more fatty your tissue is, the more insulin-resistant your cells become.

Still, it is not essential that type 2 diabetes occurs only when there is fatness.

Family Problem:

If your parents or siblings have type 2 diabetes, you are also at an enhanced risk of getting the disease.

Fat Belly:

If your body fat is expanding more in the stomach than in the hips or thighs, there is a raised risk of acquiring type 2 diabetes.

No Mobility in the Body:

The tiny physically active you are, the enormous your risk of expanding type 2 diabetes.

With the help of physical activity, the body uses glucose as energy, which makes your cells sensitive to insulin.

By doing physical activity, your body weight is also normal.

Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOS):

 PCOS in women boosts the chance of type 2 diabetes.

Diabetes Type 2 Patient Ideal Diet Chart, along with some Special Instructions

Let’s understand how should be the diabetes type 2 patient ideal diet chart, along with some special instructions to control diabetes in a particular condition.

Normally two seasonal fruits and three types of vegetables must be eaten daily.

Non-vegetarian should not be consumed, especially red meat should not be consumed at all.

It is better that you follow the diabetes diet table mentioned below.

After waking up in the morning, drink half a teaspoon of fenugreek powder in a glass of water, or soak barley in the water at night and keep it filtered in the morning.

After one hour you can have 2-3 biscuits with sugar-free tea and light sweet.

One bowl of sprouted grains and unbaked milk or one to two bowls of oatmeal and brown bread for breakfast.

Two oiled parathas and a cup of curd, wheat flakes, and cream without milk.

Eat guava, apple, orange, or papaya before lunch.

Eat two slices of bread, a small bowl of rice, a bowl of lentils, a bowl of vegetables, a yogurt, and a plated salad.

You can have green tea without sugar and light sweet biscuits or any baked snacks in the evening breakfast.

Eat two slices of bread and a bowl of vegetables at dinner.

Drink a quarter teaspoon of turmeric in a glass of warm milk before bedtime.

 Diet Chart…

At 6 in the morning – drink half a teaspoon of fenugreek powder in a glass of water.

At 7 in the morning – a cup of sugar-free tea, along with 1-2 light sugar biscuits can be taken.

Breakfast – Half a bowl with sprouted grains and a glass of cream without milk.

 10 in the morning – fresh fruit or lemon juice.

1 o’clock in the afternoon i.e. lunch – 2 pieces of mix flour, one bowl of rice, one bowl of dal, one bowl of curd, half bowl of soy or cheese vegetable, half bowl of green vegetable and a plated salad.

4 pm – A cup of tea and sugar-free biscuits with no sugar or toast or 1 apple.

6 in the evening – drink a cup of soup

Dinner – two slices of bread, a bowl of rice (brown rice 2 times a week) and a bowl of lentils, half a bowl of green vegetable, and a plated salad.

At night – drink a glass of milk without cream and sugar. By doing this, there is no danger of suddenly reducing sugar.

One certain instruction is that diabetes sufferers should avoid fasting. one should not make a high gap between two feeds and should eat faded food during the dinner.

Follow this diet chart every day and use some of the things remembered above for Type-2 Diabetes

Putting up with one or half a teaspoon of fenugreek methi dana 15-20 minutes before eating, keeps the sugar under control and advantages many other organs.

Bring the bread flour to use without removing the bran, if you want, add soybean to it to increase its quality.

Use ghee and oil sparingly throughout the day.

Cook all the vegetables in nonstick cookers e using the lowest oil. Eat green leafy vegetables as much as possible.

The sugar patient should walk on a good speed of about 1 hour before eating and also do exercise and yoga. Take insulin and medicines at the right time. Get your doctor checked regularly.

 For this, milk, curd, cheese, poultry, fish, soybeans, etc. should be consumed more. 

A diabetic person taking insulin and the diabetic person taking pills should take food at the right time. Failure to do so may result in hypoglycemia.

 Due to this, weakness, excessive hunger, sweating, blurred or double vision, rapid heart rate, tremors, and going into a coma in case of a serious condition can also be faced.

Who is passing through diabetes should always keep some sweet things like sugar glucose, chocolate, sweet biscuits with him. 

If signs of hypoglycemia are seen, they should be eaten immediately.

An ordinary diabetic person should take care that they keep eating something in a short time.

Eat something in 2 or 2 and a half hours. Don’t eat as much food at one time.

Diabetes sufferers should use double toned milk regularly. 

For this, you should use a lot of sprouted grains, soups, and salads, etc. like roasted gram, parmal, wheat, or moong with peels.

Let us know that the use of curd or buttermilk reduces the amount of glucose.

What should Diabetes or Sugar Patients not Eat?

It is most important for diabetics to avoid dieting.

With the help of proper diet and exercise, you can control diabetes to a great extent. Let us know what things should be avoided.

Diabetes patients should not eat these fruits due to high levels of sugar in some fruits.

For example, grape, cherry, pineapple, banana, dry fruits, and sweet fruit juice should not be taken.

A small grape also contains about one gram of carbohydrate. Accordingly, a diabetic patient should not eat it.

Like one cherry, a grape contains one gram of carbohydrate, so it should not be eaten in large quantities.

Sweet pineapples have huge levels of sugar, so the diabetic sufferer should not eat or take small amounts occasionally.

Ripe mango contains about 25-30 grams of carbohydrate.

 It promotes blood sugar levels. Accordingly, prevent the eat mangoes.

Do not take too much of dry fruits. Especially raisins or dry fruits containing sugar or chocolate available in the market should not be consumed at all.

Juice of sweet fruits should also not be consumed. Diabetes patients should not take juice unless there is a condition of hyperglycemia in the body. Eat fruit instead of juice.

Symptoms of diabetes type 2

1. Hunger and fatigue:

Your body converts the food you eat into glucose, which your cells use for energy. But your cells need insulin to bring the glucose in.

If your body does not make a sufficient amount of insulin or even if it makes, then your cells resist it, then glucose cannot enter the cells and there is no energy in you.

Ginger Tea can be an effective herb to curb diabetes.

Because of which you feel more hungry than normal people and you feel tired.

2. Excessive urination and thirst:

On average, a person urinates 6-7 times a day, but if you have to urinate more than this, then you may have diabetes.

What happens is that due to diabetes, the level of sugar in the blood is much higher than the normal.

When this happens, the body tries to remove excess sugar from the body through urine.

Since once you urinate, the sugar level in the blood does not decrease, so the body requires the kidneys to remove the excess sugar.

The kidney puts together urine continually by filtering blood and the diseased person has to urinate frequently.

3. Dry mouth and itching:

Since the diabetic person has frequent urination and this urine is made up of fluids (liquid) present in the body, there is a lack of moisture for other things.

You can feel dehydrated when this happens.

Due to lack of water in the body, the mouth becomes dry and lack of moisture in the skin can cause itching by drying the skin.

4. Blurred vision:

As we know, our body dilutes blood to remove excess sugar from the body, for which it uses the fluids present in the body.

Sometimes due to the movement of fluids some fluid goes into the lenses of the eyes, causing the lens to swell.

Due to flowering, the shape of the lens changes and it is not able to focus properly. So things look blurred.

Sometimes it is the opposite, that is, the fluids in the lens get pulled and even then the shape of the lens deteriorates and things appear blurred.

5. Sudden weight loss:

If you are losing weight unintentionally then it can also be a symptom of diabetes.

This happens mostly in Type 1 diabetes,

But sometimes in Type 2, these symptoms are also seen.

Actually, due to the lack of insulin, the glucose present in the blood does not reach the cells of the body and the cells cannot utilize glucose as an energy source.

But the body needs energy, so to get the energy, body fat and muscles Start to burn.

Obviously, body weight starts decreasing rapidly when this happens.

6. Nausea and vomiting:

When the body burns fat to fulfill its energy needs, it also produces “ketones”.

Ketones can rise to dangerous levels in your blood, due to which you may feel stomach upset and you may complain of nausea and vomiting.

7. Yeast or fungal infection:

Glucose is high in a diabetic person and yeast needs glucose to thrive.

However, if you are having a yeast infection, again and again, it can also be a symptom of diabetes.

These infections usually occur at these places:

Between fingers

Under the breast

Around sex organs and thighs

8. Late healing of wounds:

If one of your wounds is taking longer than usual to heal, you may have diabetes.

In fact, due to diabetes, the increased amount of glucose in the blood can gradually affect your veins,

Due to which the circulation of blood in the body is not being done properly.

In such a situation, the right amount of blood does not reach the place of injury and the supply of oxygen and nutrients that comes with it is also interrupted.

Because of this, wounds take longer to heal than necessary.

9. Tingling in hands/feet/numbness in hands and feet

If you have diabetes and you do not control it for a long time, then it can cause damage to the nerves (diabetic neuropathy).

Hands and feet send signals only with the help of these nerves.

But due to the damage to the nerves, the signals are not able to pass properly and you feel a tingling in the hands and feet.

10. Gum lesions and growing

Diabetes can harm your ability to resist germs, due to which there is a raised risk of infection in the bones that hold your gums and teeth.

In this issue, your gums may be eliminated from the teeth,

your teeth perhaps become loose, or your gums may have sores, pus, or growing.

Diabetes is also called the silent killer because very often its symptoms are not clear and even if there is some problem,

If the man ignores it,

However, when the disease causes a lot of damage, it is detected.

But do not do this, if you are feeling any of these 10 symptoms then check your sugar as soon as possible.

This test is very cheap.

Types of Testing for Diabetes :

There are two types of testing available

• Fasting

• Random

In the fasting test, you have to give your blood sample in the morning without eating or drinking anything.,

Whereas in the random test you have to give your blood sample after two hours of eating.

Friends, diabetes disease is a lifestyle disease,

If it is not taken care of, then it can be fatal for us.

But if we know in time that we are suffering from this disease then it is not so difficult to control it.

So the first step is to find out if we have diabetes or not.

Some Measures to Reduce the Loss of Type-2 Diabetes with proper Diet plan: 

1. Be More Active:

– Exercise has several advantages, including weight boost, monitoring blood sugar levels, and other ailments.

– A minimum of 30 minutes of physical activity every day is very valuable.

2. Eat Healthy Food

– A diet wealthy in entire grains, fruits, and vegetables is very promising for the body.

– Fibrous food will ensure that you feel full for a long period and prevent any kind of call.

As much as possible, avoid processed and refined food.

3. Limit alcohol Consumption and Quit Smoking

– Too extensively drink leads to increase blood pressure, weight gain, and triglyceride levels.

– Men should be specified to 2 alcohols per day and women to 1 drink per day.

– Smokers have twice the risk of diabetes as compared to non-smokers. Therefore, it is a good idea to leave this habit.

– Understand your risk factors. Doing this can help you take preventive measures as soon as possible and avoid complications.

Test your glucose status and be aware if it is more than 100 before meals and 125 after meals.

Keep the HbA1c test done every three months so that the substantial level of sugar in your body is known.

Consequently, take medicines after consulting a doctor. 

Lifestyle Changes for Type-2 Diabetes and their Diet :

1. Make changes in your lifestyle and start doing manual labor.

If you do not like to go to the gym, then precisely walk for three to four kilometers a day or do exercise.

2. Eat low-calorie food. Completely eliminate the sweet in the meal.

Include vegetables, fresh fruits, whole grains, dairy products, and sources of omega-3 fats in your diet. According to this, fiber should also be spent.

3. Instead of eating three times a day, eat the same food in six or seven times.

4. Reduce smoking and alcohol consumption, or quit altogether if possible.

5. Do not keep much tension in office work and get enough sleep at night. Low sleep is not good for health.

To reduce stress, you should meditate or listen to music, etc.

6. Maintain health check-ups regularly and regulate the sugar level daily so that it never exceeds the level.

Once the sugar rises, it is very tough to bring low its level and during this time the increased sugar level keeps evacuating its bad effect on the body aspects.

7. Take 2-2 kg of wheat and barley and grind it with one kg of a gram. Eat chapattis made of this flour in your meal.

8. Diabetes patients should include bitter gourd, fenugreek, drumstick, spinach, turmeric, turnip, brinjal, gourd, radish, cauliflower, broccoli, tomato, cabbage, and leafy vegetables.

9. Include berries, lemon, amla, tomato, papaya, melon, raw guava, orange, seasonal, nutmeg, pear in fruits.

Mangoes, bananas, apples, dates, and grapes should not be eaten because they are high in sugar.

10. Soak fenugreek seeds at night and it should be eaten on an empty stomach every morning.

Most Important Things:

Taking vitamin-C complements can encourage diabetic patients to decrease elevated blood sugar levels throughout the day.

A study of this has been found. Research has also launched that vitamin C decreases blood pressure in people with type-2 diabetes, who leads to a good heart condition.

The truth is that physical activity, good nutrition, and diabetes medications are very important for standard care and type-2 diabetes management.

However, many people perhaps find it difficult to regulate their blood sugar levels even with the pill.

What Should be the Diet for Type-2 Diabetes?

Bananas also contain a good amount of carbohydrates. Diabetes patients do not eat a banana in full and consume half a banana at a time.

Diabetes patients should eat one or half apple daily. Apples contain abundant antioxidants. It reduces cholesterol levels and makes digestion good.

The fruit of guava is very beneficial for the patient of diabetes. It contains vitamin A, vitamin C, and a good amount of dietary fiber. 

It contains small amounts of sugar.

Pears have a good amount of vitamins and dietary fiber. 

It is a nutritious fruit in diabetes.

Peach fruit contains essential nutrients and contains small amounts of sugars, hence their glycemic index is low, so a diabetic patient should consume it.

The fruit of berries is also beneficial for the patient of diabetes. It encourages in deducting blood sugar.

Your Attitude and Diet during Type-2 diabetes

  • Diabetes patients should pay special attention to diet as well as lifestyle. Adopting a bad lifestyle can increase the sugar problem. Let us know what lifestyle of sugar patients should adopt.
  • Walk for half an hour every morning.
  • Exercise every morning and evening for a while.
  • Do yoga and Pranayam daily.
  • Live a stress-free life
  • Avoid alcohol and smoking.

Additionally, regular yoga and exercise also control blood sugar.

Yoga and Asanas to prevent diabetes

You can do this Yogasana to keep diabetes under control.


  •  Sarvangasana
  •  Uttanapadasana
  •  Hallasan
  •  Naukasan
  • Sethubandhasan
  • Matsyasan.

Can Type-2 Diabetes be Eradicated with proper Diet?

 Till now only diabetes is controlled by drugs and insulin.

There is no method or medicine to cure the disease all over the world.

But now scientists have found a way to cure this disease of the root.

Under this, the stem cells from the patient’s own bone marrow will be removed and transplanted into the pancreas.

Apart from this, there are many home remedies through which you can control diabetes and lead a normal life.

Control diabetes using basil leaves …

Taking cinnamon powder is also very beneficial…

Drinking green tea is also beneficial …

The juice of drumstick leaves is also beneficial …

Consuming berries seeds is also good for health …

Which Medicines and Diet are used for Type 2 Diabetes:


These medications reduce the level of blood sugar and with the benefit of these medicines, the body also starts to react well to insulin.

Alpha-glucoside inhibitors:

These medications help you break down starchy foods in the body, such as inorganic and miglitol, etc.


It aids in making supplementary insulin in the body.

Meglitinide or Glinidus:

These are short-acting, fast-acting drugs that stimulate the pancreas to generate more insulin. These contain nateglinide and repaglinide etc.


These drugs make you more sensitive to insulin.

Diptyridyl peptidase-4 inhibitors:

These medications are used to curtail the level of sugar in the blood, these drugs are not very important, such as alogliptin, etc.

Glucagon-such as peptide-1 receptor agonist:

These medications decline digestive power and improve blood sugar levels. Such as albiglutide and dulaglutide.

Sodium-glucose contraception-2 inhibitors:

With the help of these medicines, the kidneys are prevented from re-absorbing the sugar in the blood and the sugar is expelled out of the body through urine.

However, to maintain blood sugar under control, one has to initiate taking insulin in the end.

 This occurs when your body stops generating insulin in a sufficient amount on its own, so some treatments have to be taken to repay for insulin deficiency.

World Diabetes Day is celebrated every year on 14 November to bring awareness of diabetes.

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