Gestational Diabetes Diet

Gestational Diabetes Diet with Causes, Risk Factor, Symptoms, and Tips

Want to learn about Gestational Diabetes Diet?

Well, this is the right place to understand the Causes, Risk Factor, Symptoms, Diet, and Tips for the same.

Introduction:

There are many types of physical problems that are seen in pregnancy,

Which can be relieved by getting treatment at the right time and taking some precautions.

 One of these is the problem of sugar during pregnancy. 

It is also called gestational diabetes.

 In this blog, we will tell you some important things related to pregnancy sugar (gestational diabetes) and along with it,

Some important tips to get relief from this disease and diet for gestational diabetes diet.

What is Pregnancy – Gestational Diabetes Sugar?

Gestational diabetes is a problem faced by women during pregnancy. 

This problem is temporary and occurs in the second trimester of pregnancy.

 This problem can be corrected by a timely diagnosis.

Sugar at the time of pregnancy is caused by hormonal changes. 

It begins between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy.

 9.2 percent of pregnant women have sugar (gestational diabetes) every year. 

It can be completely cured by treating it at the right time. Doctors start examining it from the first month of pregnancy. 

After this, sugar is tested every second, third month.

Gestational diabetes is a common problem like normal diabetes but it occurs in women during gestation.

 Due to increased blood glucose levels in the pregnant woman’s body,

She has this problem due to which her pregnancy is affected,

And it also affects the health of her baby. 

However, blood sugar levels usually return to normal after giving birth.

 But if a woman suffers from gestational diabetes during pregnancy,

Then she is also very likely to develop type 2 diabetes.

Whether you have gestational diabetes or not,

It is important that you eat nutritious food during pregnancy,

Because the nutrition and development of your child depend on you.

 If you have gestational diabetes, you need to be more careful,

Because you cannot consume everything during this time.

You have to take special care that whatever you are eating,

It should be healthy and according to a balanced diet. 

So, the question is, if you have gestational diabetes during pregnancy,

What should you eat and what should you avoid?

What should be the Gestational Diabetes Diet?

Gestational diabetes occurs when your body does not know enough to produce insulin. 

Insulin is a hormone secreted by the pancreas,

And it works by converting sugar into glucose so that the human body can use it.

When you have gestational diabetes,

A large amount of glucose starts accumulating in your blood and your body is unable to use it.

 Increasing blood sugar levels has a bad effect on your health,

Not only that it is also harmful to your child’s health. 

So try to keep your blood sugar level always under control.

The best way to keep it under control is to make a correct diet plan and follow it.

 You can get your diet plan prepared with the help of a nutritionist.

 Your nutritionist will decide how much nutrition your child needs to be based on your

  • age,
  • weight,
  • height,
  • physical activity,
  • and blood sugar level. 

Also, she will plan your diet keeping in mind your personal preferences.

Nutritionists will analyze how many calories you need throughout the day.

 Then they will tell you how to balance carbohydrate, protein,

And fat properly through your miles.

You will also take care that you get enough minerals and vitamins.

Common Guidelines and Diet for Women suffering from Gestational Diabetes:

You should include different types of foods in your diet and consume carbohydrates,

And also calories in such a way that energy remains in your body throughout the day. 

You have to take special care that whatever you are eating,

That balance should be there, even snacks. 

Ideally, you should try to eat small amounts of food three times a day,

And eat snacks three to four times a day.

 Try to have dinner early and have some snacks in your schedule after dinner.

Below components are necessary for our body as a part of the Gestational Diabetes Diet.

1. Gestational Diabetes Diet –Vegetables:

Vegetables also provide carbohydrates to the body.

 The portion of carbohydrates in some vegetables may be negligible,

As is the case with alternatives such as

  • greens
  • or broccoli,

In contrast to starchy vegetables such as

  • potatoes,
  • corn,
  • and peas,

Which may contain a large portion of carbohydrates. 

Check the carbohydrate content of your vegetables,

So that you know how many carbohydrates you are eating.

You should especially try to eat different types of vegetables,

As each color vegetable has a different amount of nutrients and antioxidants.

2. Gestational Diabetes Diet – Proteins:

Protein is an important element of a decent diet.

Most protein sources do not include carbohydrates and do not raise blood sugar,

But be sure to check vegan sources of protein such as

  • beans
  • and legumes,

As they may contain carbohydrates.

Most women with gestational diabetes need two to three servings of protein.

 One may be Serving of Protein is Comparable to One of the Following:

  • 100 grams of cooked meat
  • 1 egg
  • 1/2 cup of beans
  • 28 grams of nuts
  • 2 tablespoons of nut butter
  • Greek yogurt 1/2 cup
  • To reduce fat intake, eat meat without any skin and no fat.

3. Gestational Diabetes Diet – Fats:

 Fats do not raise blood sugar because they do not have carbohydrates. 

However, they are a good source of calories.

If you are trying to stop your weight gain, then you should manage your fat intake. 

For this, you need to have healthy fats.

Healthy fats are found in

  • nuts,
  • seeds,
  • avocado,
  • olive oil,
  • canola oil,
  • and flax seeds.

For good health, limit your intake of saturated fats like trans fats. 

Trans fats are mainly found in processed foods.

You have to reduce your daily intake of carbohydrates.

Try to include complex carbohydrates in your diet,

And eat them during the day.

Complex carbs are fiber-rich food.

Include snacks with lean protein and carbohydrates at every meal.

 Protein helps to control your blood sugar level,

It gives you energy and also keeps your stomach full.

Take care that you do not skip your food or breakfast.

Take note of both your eating time and quantity.

If you continue to eat a little at certain times in the day,

It will keep your blood sugar under control.

Breakfast well and this is what your nutritionist advises you,

Whether you are pregnant or not,

Or even if you do not have gestational diabetes.

But blood sugar level affects you most in the morning.

Grains that are rich in fiber, such as whole grains should be eaten.

Green vegetables and beans etc. should be consumed.

Eating fruits, milk, and yogurt will be beneficial.

Eat fish, eggs, meats, tofu, and nuts.

It is better that you eat food little by little three times a day and have snacks twice.

To bring it under control, you need more protein in your diet and limit carbohydrate intake.

If you are a non-vegetarian, eat eggs and if you are a vegetarian, then eat peanut butter.

For other meals, you should include,

Foods that are rich in fiber such as

  • fresh vegetables and fruits,
  • whole grains, cereals,
  • and pieces of bread, legumes, and dried peas.

These foods are digested late, so you can control the blood sugar,

Which starts to increase rapidly after eating food.

For beverages, drink drinks that are decaffeinated,

And without any sweetener.

What Should be the Diet to Avoid When you have Gestational Diabetes?

  • Avoid such beverages such as sugar mixed with sugar, cold drinks, candy, soda, tea, or coffee.
  • Do not eat things that are too sweet.
  • Avoid jam and honey.
  • Stay away from baked goods like cakes and muffins.
  • Do not eat fast food at all.
  • Avoid food items, avoid sugar such as sugar, candy, toffee, packaged fruit juice, and all kinds of desserts.
  • Avoid consuming fruits and their juices, which are high in sugar.

If you like sweet food, you can ask your doctor if you can eat desserts made with artificial sweeteners.

Also, limit the intake of milk because it contains a high amount of simple sugar,

And it also contains a high amount of lactose.

Therefore, it is better that you look for another source of calcium,

And you will also find many options.

It is also necessary to exercise.

 If you do not exercise, then increase your activity.

This keeps your blood sugar level under control.

If you do not get relief from this despite diet and exercise,

Your doctor may recommend insulin injections.

If this happens, your nutritionist will create a new diet plan for you.

Keep an eye on Carbohydrates in Diet when you have Gestational Diabetes?

It is important that you keep your blood sugar level under control.

Your doctor and nutritionist will need to know whether diet,

And exercise can control your blood sugar level,

Or you will need to control it with the help of something else.

It is said to be the only way to know,

If more insulin is needed to keep your child safe.

 Monitoring carbohydrates is important,

Because it is responsible for increasing your blood sugar level.

How Much Carbohydrate to take in Diet when you have Gestational Diabetes Diet?

Carbohydrates are necessary for gestational diabetes.

Two to three foods (about 30–45 grams) containing carbohydrates in a three-time meal.

One to two things in snacks are carbohydrates (about 15-30 grams).

If your sugar level falls outside the limit,

Then you should consume a low carb diet for gestational diabetes.

Importance of Low Glycemic Index (GI) Foods:

In gestational diabetes or normal diabetes, foods with low GI food,

Or low glycemic index should be consumed.

Low GI foods help you in your carbohydrate intake,

As well as it does not increase your blood sugar level.

What is a Low Glycemic Index (GI) and How Does it Help?

By taking a low carb diet during gestational diabetes,

It keeps your blood sugar level under control. 

This will only be possible if you include foods with a low glycemic index (GI) in your diet.

GI majors how fast glucose is released into your blood from the food you eat. 

So if you have gestational diabetes problems during pregnancy,

Then you should eat low GI foods.

For gestational diabetes during pregnancy,

You should include foods with low GI in your diet. 

This maintains your blood sugar level, as low GI foods take longer to digest.

Glucose releases slowly and does not go into your blood sugar immediately.

Low GI and High GI Foods:

Below are few of the examples of Low GI and High GI Foods

Low GI foods that you can consume During Pregnancy are:

  • Brown rice
  • Vet pasta
  • Porridge
  • Apple, Peach, Orange, Pear
  • Lentils and Beans
  • peanut
  • sweet corn

High GI foods that you can consume During Pregnancy is:

  • White pasta rice
  • Idli and Dosa with chutney
  • watermelon
  • Cornflakes
  • Baked Potatoes
  • Bread

However, this does not mean that you cannot eat these foods at all.

Just you have to take such care that you should consume as many gi-foods as possible.

Mixing low GI foods with high GI foods will reduce the amount of glucose released into your blood flow.

Here are Some Options that you can try:

  • White rice with lentils or beans
  • Idli or Dosa with Peanut Sauce
  • Peanut butter and toast
  • Fruits like apples and peaches in cornflakes

What kind of food should you avoid?

One specific type of diet has to be adopted to avoid gestational diabetes.

  • Avoid foods that have ‘diabetic’ on their label.
  • Keep away from consuming uncooked eggs, meat, and fish, it may contain more mercury.
  • Steer clear of drinking liver and unpasteurized milk. Also, avoid alcohol.

Diet Plan for Gestational Diabetes:

Here is a diet chart for gestational diabetes occurring during pregnancy:

Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner, and Snacks

  • 2-3 carbohydrates (35-40 grams), from protein poultry, cheese, fish, vegetable and natural fat
  •  3-4 carbohydrates (45-60 grams), from protein poultry, cheese, fish, vegetable and natural fat 
  • 1-2 carbohydrates (20-30 grams), from protein poultry, cheese, fish, vegetable and natural fat

Gestational Diabetes Diet as Breakfast:

  • Try to include 2-3 types of carbohydrates, protein in your breakfast.
  • Whole grain serial
  • Whole grain bread toast with peanut butter, jam or cheese
  • Low sugar
  • Low Fat Yogurt with Low Sugar
  • Egg, Fish, Chicken

Gestational Diabetes Diet as Lunch:

  • A small bowl of white rice and beans
  • Dal, Vegetable, Fish or Chicken with Brown Rice
  • Sweetcorn and A bowl of chicken soup with entire grain bread

Gestational Diabetes Diet as Dinner:

  • Roasted Chicken with Vegetables
  • Chicken or Fish with Noodles
  • Vegetable curry and white rice

Gestational Diabetes Diet as Snacks:

As far as snacks are concerned, you have to choose foods that are healthy for you.

You can consume fruits or cooked vegetables and vegetable sticks.

It would also be good to eat low-fat yogurt, nuts, and seeds.

You have many options, but you have to take care that the food,

And your are eating does not take much time to digest. 

So, you should also have to take care that it will meet the calorie requirement of both you,

And your baby while keeping your blood sugar level under control.

Some Tips to Improve your Diet when you have Gestational Diabetes:

Here are some tips to improve your diet:

  • Keep in mind that you have a good breakfast and include low GI foods in your breakfast.
  • Include different foods in your diet.
  • Eat more fiber foods in your diet.
  • Eat at least five parts of fruits and vegetables in a day.
  • Reduce saturated fat intake – Cook food instead of frying, eat peanut butter instead of butter, and eat natural fat.
  • Consume limited amounts of sugary drinks and desserts.

It is possible to control gestational diabetes,

And you can plan your diet by your nutritionist,

Who will be prepared for you according to gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

Symptoms of Diabetes in Pregnancy:

If you are pregnant and you have to be aware of gestational diabetes,

Pay attention to the symptoms mentioned below.

 These symptoms can be the symptoms of diabetes in pregnancy:

  • Getting tired very quickly
  • Frequent thirst.
  • Need to pee frequently.
  • Nausea.
  • Blurred vision.
  • Frequent infection of the bladder, vagina, and skin.

If you notice the symptoms mentioned above, contact your doctor so that it can be treated appropriately in time.

1. Too much Thirst –

You are feeling thirsty. You may need to take a lot more than you usually take. 

When you won’t eat something salty, run around on a hot day,

Or do something else that requires an extra glass of water.

If you are feeling thirsty during pregnancy,

Or you feel like drinking water, again and again, it can be a symptom of diabetes. 

According to doctors, if you are drinking 8 to 10 glasses of water in an hour,

Then it can be a sign of reduced insulin content in the body.

2. Frequent Urination – 

Frequent urination (frequent toilet) during pregnancy is normal,

But it can be a symptom of diabetes,

If you feel the need to defecate frequently after a few minutes of drinking water.

  If you are going to defecate 30 to 35 times a day or more,

Then talk to your doctor about this once.

3. Getting Tired Very Quickly –

The pregnant woman feels tired due to many changes in her body,

But if you are feeling tired even in light work,

It can be a symptom of diabetes.

If you feel tired, even at the beginning of the day,

It can be more than the stress of getting pregnant,

Which makes you very tired.

Ask your doctor if you may be at risk of gestational diabetes.

4. Dry Mouth after Another-

Hands with a dry mouth can go hand increased your thirst.

You may want to drink more water to get rid of the parched spirit.

Both can be signs of gestational diabetes.

To understand the symptoms of diabetes, you should pay attention to these things –

  • Does your breath swell while walking?
  • Do you feel tired even while eating?
  • Do you always feel lethargic?
  • If this is happening then it can be a symptom of diabetes.
  • Blurred vision and dark shade in front of the eyes – Sugar first affects the eyes.
  •  You may have difficulty seeing this disease. 
  • Symptoms such as blurred vision, dark eyes in front of the eyes, dizziness may be symptoms of diabetes.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes:

1. Insulin and Gestational Diabetes:

 After getting pregnant, the body needs more insulin. 

Insulin is a type of hormone that controls the amount of glucose in the body.

We tell you that due to the changes in the body,

The production of insulin is affected. 

When insulin is not produced in sufficient quantity, sugar begins. 

However, in most cases, the disease ends on its own after the birth of the child.

Pregnant sugar (gestational diabetes) is completely different from normal sugar (type 1 diabetes and type 2).

As we have said, when a sufficient amount of insulin is not produced in the body, then gestational diabetes occurs.

Insulin is a hormone produced in the body,

Which converts food and glucose into energy in the body.

 During pregnancy, there is an increase in the levels of various hormones,

Which causes many changes in the body such as weight gain.

 The increase in these hormones causes the blood sugar levels in the body to deteriorate.

This condition is called insulin immunity.

Insulin resistance increases the body’s need for insulin more.

Some women face insulin resistance in the last months of pregnancy.

At the same time, in some women, it occurs even before the onset of pregnancy.

Such women require more insulin during pregnancy,

And they are also at greater risk of developing diabetes in pregnancy.

Other reasons for Gestational Diabetes:

1. If you were Overweight before Pregnancy:

If your weight was higher than your body before pregnancy,

Then you are more likely to develop gestational diabetes. 

Due to excess weight and excess body fat, many types of systems are not able to function properly. 

If there is a huge difference in your body size and weight in the first month of pregnancy,

Then it can be a matter of concern. 

Weight gain usually ranges from 11 to 16 kg in pregnancy. 

If you have gained more weight than this, please contact your doctor.

2. If there is more Fat on the Stomach than Before –

 Stomach enlargement is normal in pregnancy,

But if you have excess fat on your stomach before pregnancy,

Then it can cause sugar. 

In this case, try to reduce abdominal fat through yoga and regular exercise. 

If you have become pregnant then consult your doctor about this.

If you are pregnant after the age of 35,

Then the best age to conceive is considered from 30 to 35.

 Caution needs to be taken if the pregnant is 35 or older. 

For this, more attention has to be paid to

  • the lifestyle of the pregnant,
  • keeping the diet quite balanced,
  • and taking some medicines along with it.

3. If someone in your Family Already has Sugar –

If you already have sugar in your families such as parents, siblings, grandparents, or grandparents,

You may be more likely to develop gestational diabetes. 

Talk to family members about this, find out which family members had,

Or have sugar and inform your doctor about this.

4. If you Already have Sugar –

If you already have sugar, its level may increase more during pregnancy. Inform your doctor about this. 

Your doctor will examine you and decide,

According to what amount of insulin needs to be taken during pregnancy to reduce the effect of sugar (gestational diabetes). 

You may also have to learn to take insulin via injection.

Risk of Sugar to Mother and Child in Pregnancy when Gestational Diabetes:

What is the Effect on the Baby due to Pregnancy when Gestational Diabetes?

 In pregnancy, sugar (gestational diabetes) has the highest effect on the child.

If sugar is not controlled in a timely manner, the child can have the following effects –

Sugar present in blood can reach the baby through the placenta.

Due to this, the weight of the child can also increase in the stomach.

Sugar also causes excessive water or the amniotic fluid to accumulate around the baby.

This condition is called polyhydramnios.

The child may have jaundice.

 How does Mother gets affected by Gestational Diabetes when in Pregnancy ?

Due to sugar in pregnancy, the mother can have the following effects, such as –

  • Risk of miscarriage.
  • Increase the chances of delivery from the operation.
  • High blood pressure problem.
  • Risk of premature delivery.

There are the following Risks of Diabetes in Pregnancy:

1. Large Size: 

If a pregnant woman has diabetes, the size of the baby in the womb may be larger than normal.

 This increases the risk of cesarean delivery.

2. Risk of Premature Delivery: 

Women with gestational diabetes have an increased risk of premature delivery.

In addition, the child may also have respiratory problems at this stage.

3. Type-2 Diabetes: 

Women who have gestational diabetes, they and their baby may be at risk of developing type-2 diabetes in the future.

4. Birth of a Dead Child: 

If gestational diabetes is not treated on time, the risk of birth of a dead baby may increase.

5. Preeclampsia: 

There may be a risk of preeclampsia (a condition related to high blood pressure) during gestational diabetes.

Let us now know who is at greater risk of getting gestational diabetes.

Correct treatment of diabetes in pregnancy is necessary.

If it is not done, it has a bad effect on the health of the unborn child.

In gestational diabetes, necessary measures should be taken for the health of the child.

6. Premature Baby and Risk of Miscarriage:

During pregnancy, when the pancreas produces more insulin,

It does not bring down the blood sugar levels.

 Due to an increase in sugar level in pregnancy,

The blood of the baby growing in the womb also increases.

In such a situation, the weight of the baby can increase and premature babies can be born. 

In some cases, there is also the risk of gestation.

7. Child’s Risk of Jaundice:

If diabetes is not controlled during pregnancy, the child may have jaundice. 

In some cases, the problem of shortness of breath also occurs in the child. 

If diabetes is not controlled in pregnancy,

Then the child may be prone to obesity and diabetes when he grows up.

Risk of Gestational Diabetes(with Diet Tips):

Although gestational diabetes can occur to any pregnant woman,

It may increase the risk in cases described below.

1. Age: 

Women over 35 years of age are at risk of developing gestational diabetes.

2. If there is Someone in the Family: 

Someone in the family having diabetes,

The risk of diabetes in pregnancy may increase.

If a woman in the family has had this type of problem before,

Then you also have the possibility of gestational diabetes.

3. Already Have Diabetes: 

Already having diabetes, the risk may increase even further.

4. If you have had Gestational Diabetes before:

 Also, if you have diabetes in the previous pregnancy too,

Then it may be possible in the next pregnancy.

5. Excess Weight:

 If a pregnant woman is overweight, the risk of gestational diabetes may increase.

If you are overweight and your BMI is over 30,

You may have gestational diabetes. 

The Danger of Gestational Diabetes –

It is not yet known what causes gestational diabetes to some women while some do not. 

Although this problem can happen to any woman,

In some women the risk of gestational diabetes is high.

If you have had a problem with gestational diabetes in your first pregnancy,

Then this time also you can fall prey to this problem.

Apart from this, a woman suffering from gestational diabetes may have to face these complex complaints.

The weight of a woman with gestational diabetes can also be high,

Because if the level of glucose in the mother’s body is high,

Then the insulin level in the child’s body (insulin level) can be high.

The child of a woman suffering from this problem may grow longer in the womb itself,

Due to which there may be trouble in delivery.

A woman suffering from this problem can give birth to a child only before premature delivery.

The child may have a disease related to the respiratory system due to which he may have difficulty in breathing.

The child may develop type 2 diabetes in the future.

A woman may have gestational diabetes even if she is pregnant next time in the future.

A pregnant woman may have to undergo a C-section delivery to give birth to a child.

How to Prevent Gestational Diabetes in Pregnancy with Diet?

It is credible that protection is better than cure.

 If you keep in mind beforehand, then the biggest problems can be avoided. 

Something similar is also with gestational diabetes. 

Here we are telling you how you can prevent pregnancy diabetes.

1. Healthy eating: 

When you are trying to conceive, take special care of your food.

Healthy eating is very important to avoid gestational diabetes.

Eat fiber-rich and low-fat food.

Also, abstain from fried foods.

2. Exercise: 

Exercise is necessary to stay fit.

It is not necessary, that you go to the gym or exercise hard.

You can take regular walks to stay fit or if you are swimming,

You can do it under the supervision of a trainer.

3. Keep weight under Control:

 If your weight is more than normal before pregnancy,

Then control your weight first and then plan your pregnancy.

Go to the consultant when you see the indications. 

If you see symptoms of diabetes despite all these,

Then go to the doctor without delay and get your examination done.

4. Monitor Blood Sugar: 

If you have gestational diabetes,

Check your blood sugar three to four times a day.

This will help you in controlling blood sugar.

5. Focus on the child: 

If someone has gestational diabetes,

Keep an eye on the blood sugar after the birth of the child,

So that the disease will not bother him in the future.

6. Medications: 

In most cases, there is no need to take medicines during gestational diabetes,

But you may recommend taking insulin injections if the problem increases.

Therefore, take any medicine that the doctor gives on time.

Important Tips for the Prevention of Gestational Diabetes with diet:

1. Walk for 30 minutes Barefoot on the Grass –

Doctors recommend sugar patients to take the most walks. 

If you are pregnant and you already have a sugar disease,

Then the need becomes even more.

Walk on the grass empty foot every morning for at least 30 minutes.

This will also help you exercise and keep the sugar level in control simultaneously.

2. Use of Folic Acid –

 Due to high sugar levels, at times doctors may recommend taking folic acid tablets in excess of normal.

This pill helps in the development of the child.

3. Yoga – 

You can do yoga even in pregnancy. 

There are many types of yoga that can help you to control the sugar level. 

Always do yoga asana under the supervision of yoga experts. Sukhasana,

  • marjariasana, 
  • vajrasana, 
  •  tadasana,
  •  konasana-1, 
  • konasana-2 ,
  • trikonasana 
  • veerabhadrasana,
  • paschimottanasana.

Take these Precautions for your Baby after Gestational Diabetes with some Diet Tips:

 If you were suffering from sugar during pregnancy,

And in this stage you have given birth to your baby,

Then you have to be very careful about your baby,

So that it does not affect the baby even after birth.

Note that the child’s weight does not increase continuously.

Periodically check the child with a doctor.

The child is at risk of getting sugar till the age of 15 years,

Hence, take special care of it and keep it under the doctor’s care,

So that the risk of sugar can be reduced.

How to Check for Sugar in Pregnancy?

Tests for the diagnosis of gestational diabetes are usually done 24 to 28 weeks after pregnancy.

However, some women get the test done before they are suspected of suffering from this problem.

Glucose Screening Test:

A pregnant woman has to suffer from a glucose screening test to diagnose gestational diabetes. 

To perform this test, a pregnant woman is fed a solution of sugar,

And after about an hour blood sugar (blood sugar) is tested.

 During this time, if a woman’s blood sugar is found to be higher than normal,

Then she is sent for another test which is called glucose tolerance test.

What is the Abnormal Blood Glucose level? –

Different practitioners use different standards to determine whether your level is too high.

If your blood glucose level for this screening is more than 200 mg / dL,

Most physicians will consider you to be diabetic,

And will not need to undergo a glucose tolerance test.

 But any score between 140 and 200 means,

That you have to take a three-hour glucose tolerance test for a definitive diagnosis.

Glucose Tolerance Test:

To get a glucose tolerance test, the pregnant mother does not have to eat anything for 8 to 14 hours before the test. 

Before the test, her blood is taken and after an interval of half an hour,

She is given a high glucose solution and after two hours,

Blood glucose and insulin level are checked to find that both of them.

What a difference there has been in the level of Gestational diabetes,

Which is generally not found in two out of three women undergoing glucose tolerance tests.

This chart by the American Diabetes Association shows levels that consider sugar abnormal at each interval of the test:

Abnormal Reading:

  • Fasting – 95 mg / dL or higher
  • 1 hour – 180 mg / dL or higher
  • 2 hours – 155 mg / dL or higher
  • 3 hours – 140 mg / dL or higher

But if the problem of gestational diabetes is found in a woman during this period,

Then she has to undergo this test again 6 to 12 weeks after giving birth,

And once in every first and third year.

What Should be the Sugar Level in Pregnancy ?

Normal sugar level during pregnancy should not exceed 95 mg per deciliter (mg / dL) before eating

The sugar level should not exceed 180 mg / dL after one hour of eating, 155 mg / dL after two hours of eating, and 140 mg/dl after three hours of eating.

Fasting Plasma Glucose test to Check for Sugar in Pregnancy –

Doctors usually recommend urine tests for sugar (gestational diabetes) in pregnancy.

The amount of sugar in the blood is known through this test.

For this test, you will need to provide a blood sample in an empty stomach.

A1C Test to Check for Sugar in Pregnancy (A1C Test) –

 The A1C test measures the amount of glucose in red blood cells and hemoglobin as well.

In this test, the amount of blood sugar during the last two to three months can be detected.

 RPG Test to check for Sugar in Gestational Diabetes –

The RPG test ie random plasma glucose test in pregnancy is also used to check for sugar.

The advantage of this test is that it can be done at any time and for this,

You do not even need to be an empty stomach.

Oral Glucose Tolerance Test to Check for Sugar in Pregnancy –

Before doing this test, you are given 75 grams of glucose,

And after that, the right level of sugar is checked.

Nothing is eaten until 7-8 hours before doing this test.

Frequently Asked Questions :

Below are some Frequently Asked Questions with their Answers.

Will Diabetes During Pregnancy affect my Baby even After Birth?

Women who have diabetes during pregnancy, their child is at risk of type-2 diabetes.

After the birth of the baby until the production of insulin in the baby’s body is balanced,

Then there can be a decrease in the sugar in the body.

This condition is called hypoglycemia.

In such a situation, after the birth of the baby,

The doctor can monitor the blood sugar of the baby in the newborn room.

Will I have Diabetes even After Childbirth?

After delivery, diabetes goes away on its own.

When the baby is born, doctors check for diabetes before going to the hospital.

In addition, diabetes may be examined at six weeks postpartum.

If I had Diabetes in the First Pregnancy, could it Happen in the Second Pregnancy?

If you have had sugar once in pregnancy,

Then the risk of getting a second time remains equal.

It can happen, but it does not have to happen every time.

 If insulin was given in the previous pregnancy,

Then it may be more likely to happen in the second pregnancy.

 In addition, after diabetes in the first pregnancy,

Doctors can monitor blood sugar during the second pregnancy. 

Glucose tolerance tests can be done between the 16th and 18th weeks of pregnancy.

If the results are positive, it can be rechecked on the 28th week.

You have to be more vigilant.

 If care is taken a few months before conception,

Then the chances of developing sugar (gestational diabetes) in the second pregnancy are reduced. 

Clearly, control of sugar (gestational diabetes) occurring during pregnancy can be easily detected.

Only a little awareness and regular medical advice are needed. 

By taking the right treatment and precautions,

You can get relief from this problem.

Final Conclusion:

You should eat a diet recommended by nutritionists,

Regularly check blood sugar levels and exercise daily,

Thus you can get rid of gestational diabetes during pregnancy.

 Apart from this, women who have gestational diabetes also deliver a healthy baby.

In this article, we gave important information about gestational diabetes,

Which is very important for pregnant to know.

We hope you have got all the answers related to this. 

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